February 20

Annotated bibliography

bibliogAn annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited. (Cornell University Library)

Choose two articles to help you answer the given questions. (Some suitable articles are listed below, or you may look for articles on ANZRC.) Use the template to help you annotate the articles. Answer both questions in detail then submit your answers together with your annotated bibliography to your teacher via Turnitin.

pgdPGD (Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis):

Preimplantation genetic testing in the 21st century: Uncharted territory

NOTE: Click on ‘Download PDF’ to view article

Ethics questions arise as genetics testing of embryos increases

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis for IVF ‘is safe’

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis: How should labs grapple with ethics?

Gene test spares baby from defect

A baby please. Blond, freckles – hold the colic

Are we too close to making Gattaca a reality?


sexSex selection:

How to buy a daughter

Sex selection for nonmedical reasons

Gender selection – the whats, hows and whys

Designer baby row over US clinic

Boy or girl? You decide


General articles:

My sister’s keeper and genetic selection

The case against perfection



Give the bibliographic entry, then write the annotation in paragraph form (see example below).


1. Bibliographic entry. Cite your article as follows for print magazines



Title of article





OR for online magazines



Title of article


Date viewed



2. Give the author’s viewpoint or bias.


3. Summarise the concepts covered in the article (four or five points).






4. Comment on the strengths and weaknesses of the article.


5. State how this article is helpful to your task.


Annotated Bibliography example:

Cresswell A 2008, ‘IVF bundles of joy, 30 years in making’, The Australian, 25 July.

Thirty years after the birth of the first test-tube baby, Cresswell looks back at IVF and its effects. The world’s first test-tube baby was born in 1978, and Australia’s first in 1980. Each year up to 10,000 babies are born as a result of IVF either directly or through assisted conception. The technique’s success rate has doubled as improvements have been made to the treatment.  Before IVF, there was no way that infertile couples could be helped. Whereas the early days of IVF saw a lot of opposition to the technique, now IVF is a mainstream infertility treatment in many countries, helping couples achieve their dreams of having a family.

This short article gives only a brief history of IVF as well as an example of a couple that had a child following IVF treatment. Cresswell does not outline arguments for or against IVF, nor does he deal with any controversies surrounding IVF. While the history of IVF is still relevant, because it was published in 2008, many current issues pertaining to genetic and IVF treatments have not been covered in this article.

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