May 16

Christianity, Judaism, Islam

Christianity, Judaism and Islam have many similarities as well as many differences. Take a look at these charts, which compare the three religions.

There are quite a few Library resources about comparative religions. Here are some you will find helpful:

291 COL Six religions in 21st century Australia

291 FLE Excel senior high school studies of religion

291 KEE Examining four religions (God)

291 KEE New steps in religious education Book 3 (God)

296 JUD Judaism


Monotheism, God and Allah:

Monotheism is belief in a single god. This is different from polytheism, which is belief in multiple gods. Three of the most well-known monotheistic religions are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.


Take a look at another video which discusses these three monotheistic faiths. There is a transcript of the text on the site.



There are quite a few Library resources about religious symbols. Here are some you will find helpful:

291 KEE New steps in religious education Book 2 (Symbols)

296.4 OUA Symbols of Judaism

297 CHE Symbols of Islam

297 EME What Islam is all about (Allah)

297 GAN The Qur’an and Islam

297.3 What you will see inside a mosque

DVD0724 The story of Islam: The coming of the Prophet

DVD0425 Respecting beliefs: Muslims, Christians, Jews and others

DVD0503 I believe (young people from different religions talk about their faith)

What are the main symbols of Christianity, Islam and Judaism. Take a look here.

Many wars have been fought in the name of religion. Here an artist looks at the main symbols of Christianity, Judaism and Islam and where each symbol originated.

The study of these sources will highlight some interesting similarities and differences between the religions studied. Far from being diametrically opposed, they share a lot of common history and beliefs.

Initiation Ceremonies:


What is baptism? (Got questions)

Baptism (Britannica)

Baptism (Wikipedia) – also has a section on Catholic baptism

Sacraments of Initiation – Catholicism

Baptism in the Catholic Church

Baptism (Catholic Australia)

Baptism (Brisbane Catholic)

Judaism – Brit Milah:

Sacraments of Initiation – Judaism

Rites of Passage – Judaism

Jewish baby rites

Islam – Aqiqah:


Aqiqah – What to do when a child is born

Christianity: Baptism in the Bible:

Mark 1:9-11 New International Version (NIV) – The Baptism and Testing of Jesus: “9 At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 10 Just as Jesus was coming up out of the water, he saw heaven being torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove. 11 And a voice came from heaven: ‘You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.’”

An explanation of Mark 1: 9 – 11

Galatians 3:27-29 New International Version (NIV): 27 “for all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.”

An explanation of Galations 3: 27 – 29

Acts 2:38 King James Version (KJV): 38″ Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.”

An explanation of Acts 2: 38

Charity Work and Almsgiving:

Why give? Christian roots of charity (Harvard Divinity School)

How religion motivates us to give and serve (The Conversation)

Almsgiving in religions (New World Encyclopedia)


Christianity and charity (New Statesman)

Charity – Christian concept (Britannica)

Almsgiving (CRC)


Tzedakah (Judaism 101)

Jewish Philanthropy


Why is Charity so Important in Islam? (Zakat Foundation)

Charity in Islam (Muslim Aid)

Charity in Islam (Islamic Relief)

Alms giving in Islam



Forgiveness in different religions

Three religions, three approaches to evil in the aftermath of evil


Forgiveness in Christianity



Fasting chart

Fasting (Wikipedia)



Mercy (Wikipedia)

What is the true meaning of mercy (Religion News)



There is another guide to Comparative Essays here.

How to write a bibliography

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